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How to run an archive node

An Arbitrum archive node is a full node that maintains an archive of historical chain states. This how-to walks you through the process of configuring an archive node on your local machine so that you can query both pre-Nitro and post-Nitro state data.


Most users won't need to configure an archive node. This type of node is great for a small number of use-cases - for example, if you need to process historical data.

Before we begin

Before the Nitro upgrade happened, Arbitrum One was running on the Classic stack for about one year (before block height 22207817). Although the Nitro chain uses the latest snapshot of the Classic chain's state as its genesis state, the Nitro stack can't serve archive requests for pre-Nitro blocks.

Running an Arbitrum One full node in archive mode lets you access both pre-Nitro and post-Nitro blocks, but it requires you to run both Classic and Nitro nodes together. You may not need to do this, depending on your use case:

Use caseRequired node type(s)Docs
Access the Arbitrum network without running your own nodeFully managed by third-parties, exposed via RPC endpointsRPC endpoints and providers
Run an archive node for Arbitrum Sepolia (testnet) or Arbitrum NovaFull node (Nitro)How to run a full node (Nitro)
Send post-Nitro archive requestsFull node (Nitro)How to run a full node (Nitro)
Send pre-Nitro archive requestsFull node (Classic)How to run a full node (Classic, pre-Nitro)
Send post-Nitro and pre-Nitro archive requestsFull node (Nitro) and full node (Classic)That's what this how-to is for; you're in the right place.

System requirements


As of May 2024, archive node snapshots for Arbitrum One, Arbitrum Nova, and Arbitrum Sepolia are no longer being updated on due to accelerated database and state growth. Teams who use these publicly available archive snapshots will need to wait longer than usual for their nodes to sync up.

The Offchain Labs team is actively exploring and working on solutions to address this and will provide an update as soon as possible. In the meantime, the Offchain Labs team continues to recommend that teams periodically create their own snapshots by stopping one of their archive nodes and backing up their database.


The minimum storage requirements will change over time as the Nitro chains grow (growing rates are specified below). We recommend exceeding the minimum requirements as much as you can to minimize risk and maintenance overhead.

  1. RAM: 16GB+ for Nitro and 32GB+ for Classic
  2. CPU: 4+ core CPU
  3. Storage (last updated on April 2024):
    • Arbitrum One: 9.7TB SSD, currently growing at a rate of about 850GB per month
    • Arbitrum Nova: 4.3TB SSD, currently growing at a rate of about 1.8TB GB per month
  4. Docker images: We'll specify these in the below commands; you don't need to manually download them.
    • Latest Docker image for Arbitrum One Nitro: offchainlabs/nitro-node:v2.3.4-b4cc111
    • Latest Docker image for Arbitrum One Classic: offchainlabs/arb-node:v1.4.5-e97c1a4
  5. Database snapshots:
    • Nitro database snapshot
      • Use the parameter --init.url= on first startup to initialize the Nitro database (you can find a list of snapshots here). Example: --init.url=""
    • Arbitrum One Classic database snapshot

Review and configure ports

  • RPC: 8547
  • Sequencer Feed: 9642
  • WebSocket: 8548

Review and configure parameters

Arbitrum NitroArbitrum ClassicDescription
--parent-chain.connection.url=<Layer 1 Ethereum RPC URL>--l1.url=<Layer 1 Ethereum RPC URL>Provide an standard L1 node RPC endpoint that you run yourself or from a third-party node provider (see RPC endpoints and providers)<L2 chain ID>--l2.chain-id=<L2 Chain ID>See RPC endpoints and providers for a list of Arbitrum chains and the respective L2 chain IDs
--execution.caching.archive--node.caching.archiveRequired for running an Arbitrum One Nitro archival node and retains past block state
---node.cache.allow-slow-lookupRequired for running an Arbitrum One Classic archival node. When this option is present, it will load old blocks from disk if not in memory cache.
---core.checkpoint-gas-frequency=156250000Required for running an Arbitrum One Classic archival node.

Run the Docker image(s)

When running a Docker image, an external volume should be mounted to persist the database across restarts. The mount point should be /home/user/.arbitrum/mainnet.

To run both Arbitrum Nitro and/or Arbitrum Classic in archive mode, follow one or more of the below examples:

  • Arbitrum One Nitro archive node:
    docker run --rm -it -v /some/local/dir/arbitrum:/home/user/.arbitrum -p -p offchainlabs/nitro-node:v2.3.4-b4cc111 --parent-chain.connection.url https://l1-node:8545 --http.api=net,web3,eth --http.corsdomain=* --http.addr= --http.vhosts=* --execution.caching.archive
  • Arbitrum One Classic archive node:
    docker run --rm -it -v /some/local/dir/arbitrum-mainnet/:/home/user/.arbitrum/mainnet -p -p offchainlabs/arb-node:v1.4.5-e97c1a4 --l1.url=https://l1-node:8545/ --node.chain-id=42161 --l2.disable-upstream --node.cache.allow-slow-lookup --core.checkpoint-gas-frequency=156250000 --core.lazy-load-core-machine
  • Arbitrum One Nitro archive node with forwarding classic execution support:
    docker run --rm -it -v /some/local/dir/arbitrum:/home/user/.arbitrum -p -p offchainlabs/nitro-node:v2.3.4-b4cc111 --parent-chain.connection.url https://l1-node:8545 --execution.rpc.classic-redirect=<classic node RPC> --http.api=net,web3,eth --http.corsdomain=* --http.addr= --http.vhosts=* --execution.caching.archive

Note that the above commands both map to port 8547 on their hosts. If you want to run both on the same host, you should edit those mapping to different ports, and specify your Classic node RPC url as <classic node RPC> in your Nitro start command. To verify the connection health of your node(s), see Docker network between containers - Docker Networking Example.

A note on permissions

The Docker image is configured to run as non-root UID 1000. If you're running in Linux and you're getting permission errors when trying to run the Docker image, run this command to allow all users to update the persistent folders, replacing arbitrum-mainnet as needed:

mkdir /some/local/dir/arbitrum-mainnet
chmod -fR 777 /some/local/dir/arbitrum-mainnet

Optional parameters

Both Nitro and Classic have multiple other parameters that can be used to configure your node. For a full comprehensive list of the available parameters, use the flag --help.


If you run into any issues, visit the node-running troubleshooting guide.